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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 547-550
The Status of Immunity Against the Hepatitis B Virus among Vaccinated Hemodialysis Patients: A Single Center Report from Iran

1 Assistant Professor of Virology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2 Medical Student, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Zakieh Rostamzadeh Khamene
Assistant Professor of Virology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 17951941

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Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) are very susceptible to infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Repeated contact with factors that aid in transmission of this virus, is conceivably a reason for the high prevalence of HBV infection in patients on HD. Suppressed immunity also probably plays a role. The present study attempts to determine the level of immunity against the HBV among patients on HD at the Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran. A total of 141 patients were enrolled in the study and comprised of 76 males and 65 females. Their mean age was 45 years. Data such as the age, gender, blood transfusion(s) received and renal transplantation background, were collected from their medical records in order to identify the risk factors. The hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) levels in the serum was measured in these patients using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Based on the levels of HBsAb, the study subjects were classified as non-immune (less than 10 IU/L), which included 56 patients (39.71%); moderately immune (between 10 and 100 IU/L) comprising 65 patients (46.09%) and fully immune (more than 100 IU/L) seen in 20 patients (14.18%). Our results suggest that the current status of vaccination of patients on maintenance HD, against hepatitis B is not satisfactory. Better training should be imparted to the relevant staff members. Also, timely kidney transplantation and avoiding blood transfusions, as far as possible, is recommended.

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