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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 623-627
Risk factors of hyperparathyroidism in advanced stages of chronic kidney disease

Sheffield Kidney Institute, Northern General Hospital (Sorby Wing), Sheffield, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
M El Kossi
Doncaster Royal Infirmary, Armthorpe Road, Doncaster & Bassetlaw Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Doncaster, DN2 5LT
United Kingdom
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PMID: 19587504

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The pathogenesis of renal osteodystrophy is not clearly defined. We evaluate in this study the potential effect of demographic and biochemical markers on parathormone (PTH) level in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 4 and 5. We retrospectively studied 138 patients with CKD stages 4 and 5 selected from the database of the Sheffield Kidney Institute in the interval from 1996 to 2005. All patients had baseline as well as follow-up levels of PTH, adjusted serum calcium, phosphate, calcium phosphorus product, albumin, bicarbonate and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). At baseline, serum albumin, eGFR and adjusted serum calcium levels signi­ficantly negatively correlated with PTH serum levels. Adjusted serum calcium levels at last follow­up remained a significant negative predictor of PTH levels; however, baseline PTH levels demons­trated a significant positive correlation with final serum PTH levels. This study high lights the significance of serum PTH levels at presentation on the long-term effect of parathyroid gland function. This reinforces the need for early intervention to achieve optimal control of hyperpara­thyroidism in CKD patients.

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