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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 975-983
Non-dialytic management of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury

1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
2 University Medical Unit, National Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Correspondence Address:
Senaka Rajapakse
Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo
Sri Lanka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19861856

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Sepsis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) often complicates sepsis, leading to greater complexity, higher cost of care and worsening prog­nosis. Despite the improved understanding of its underlying pathophysiological basis, there have been very few interventions, which have consistently been shown to be of value in the manage­ment of sepsis-induced AKI. Measures such as adequate hydration, maintenance of adequate circulating blood volume and mean arterial pressure, and avoidance of nephrotoxins, are still the mainstay of prevention. Loop diuretics, mannitol and "low dose" dopamine have been clearly shown to be of no value in the prevention or treatment of AKI and may, in fact, do harm. Among the remaining pharmacological options, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) may have a role in the preven­tion of radiocontrast induced AKI.

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