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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1461-1463
Toxocariasis and nephrotic syndrome

Department of Internal Medicine, Military Hospital of Tunis, Montfleury, Tunis, Tunisia

Correspondence Address:
Yosra Ben Ariba
Department of Internal Medicine Military, Hospital of Tunis, Montfleury, Tunis
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.275494

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We describe a case of toxocariasis as a rare cause of nephrotic syndrome in an adult woman. This rare association was confirmed by elevated Toxocara-specific immunoglobulin M titers. Renal biopsy was not done because of prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time. Our patient was treated with prednisone and albendazole. These treatments resulted in partial remission of renal symptoms as well as the abatement of the Toxocariasis infection. The relationship between toxocariasis infection and glomerular disease is still unclear. In the literature, exceptional renal impairment secondary to toxocariasis have been described, especially in children. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case of nephrotic syndrome associated with toxocariasis in adults.

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