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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 209-214
Cost implication of inpatient care of chronic kidney disease patients in a tertiary hospital in Southwest Nigeria

1 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo City, Ondo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo City, Ondo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Oluseyi A Adejumo
Department of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo City, Ondo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.279942

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The financial cost of inpatient care of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients has not been well described in Nigeria; even though, the majority of these patients require inpatient care at the time of diagnosis due to late presentation. This study determined the cost implication of inpatient care among CKD patients in a Kidney Care Center in South-west Nigeria. This was an 18-month descriptive retrospective study. The financial records of the ward, laboratory, dialysis, pharmacy, and dietary services were obtained for each patient during their hospital stay and the sum of these costs was taken as the total direct cost of care. One hundred and twenty- three CKD patients with a male:female ratio of 2.3:1 and mean age of 50 ± 17 years were studied. One hundred and six (86.2%) patients had Stage 5 CKD, 105 (85.4%) had emergency hemodialysis (HD) at presentation and all patients paid out of pocket. The median number of HD sessions and days spent on admission was 4 and 14 days, respectively. The major contributors to the cost of care were total dialysis, ward, and pharmacy expenses with a median total cost of ₦70,000 (US $200), ₦28,000 ($80), and ₦22,230 ($66), respectively. The median total direct cost of inpatient care of CKD was ₦150,770 ($431). The cost of care was higher in those with Stage 5 CKD and diabetic nephropathy. The cost of inpatient care of CKD is beyond the reach of most Nigerians. There is a definite need for the government to include CKD care under the national insurance scheme.

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