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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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BRIEF COMMUNICATION Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 814-820
Arterial Hypertension in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: About 40 Cases

Department of Internal Medicine, Habib Thameur Hospital; Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, University of Tunis, El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Correspondence Address:
Imene Rachdi
Department of Internal Medicine, Habib Thameur Hospital, Tunis
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.292315

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The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the etiologic profile of hypertension (HTN) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A retrospective analysis was performed on 153 patients with SLE who attended our center for 16 years from January 2000 to December 2016. The diagnosis of SLE was established according to the classification criteria of the American College of Rheumatology in 1990. The prevalence of HTN in patients with SLE was 26.1% (40/153)' with an average delay of appearance of 21 months. There were 37 women and three men with a mean age of 46’ eight years (20–70). HTN was associated with lupus nephritis (n = 8)' other renal impairments (n = 6)' and corticosteroid treatment (n = 20). Essential HTN was found in six cases. Cardiovascular factors associated with HTN were: diabetes (n = 14)' sedentary life (n = 15)' obesity (n = 12)' and dyslipidemia (n = 8). Main clinical manifestations associated with HTN were: arthralgia/arthritis (24 cases)' cutaneous involvement (22 cases)' and hematological manifestations (16 cases). Anti-phospholipid syndrome was found in 12 cases. Coronary artery disease’ arteritis of lower limb’ and transient ischemic attacks complicated the course of HTN in six patients. Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors were the most commonly used drug for treatment in this group. HTN was frequently associated with corticosteroid treatment in this study. We feel that the use of corticosteroids should be avoided as far as possible in all patients with SLE.

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