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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 60-68
Acute Kidney Injury as a Risk Factor for Cerebrovascular Disease Outcome among Patients Presenting with Stroke in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Retrospective Cohort Study


1 Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Community and Occupational Medicine, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Medical Student, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Iman Mohamed Wahby Salem
Department Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh

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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.318549

PMID: 34145115

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Patients suffering from stroke may develop different complications including acute kidney injury (AKI). AKI affects mortality among the stroke patients. The association between stroke and AKI despite extensive research has been not completely understood. The study aimed to determine an AKI as an independent poor risk factor of cerebrovascular disease outcome among the stroke patients. Our objectives were to estimate AKI incidence among stroke patients at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between 2013 and 2017 and assess the major risk factors related to AKI among stroke patients. The research population was sourced from the publicly available KAUH records from 2013 to 2017. The total number of stroke cases was 717 with a mean age of 63.94 ± 15.70 years. As many as 83.5% of cases had no AKI and 16.5% were suffered from AKI among total stroke patients studied. Furthermore, 74.1% of stroke patients were alive compared to 25.9% reported dead. The study concluded that AKI incidence is higher in stroke patients after admission immediately or during hospitalization. As such, the renal function file could be used as an early indicator upon stroke patients’ admission to health-care facilities. Prevention and control of AKI seem to be very important among patients with stroke.


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