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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1637-1645
The Role of Chronic Renal Disease on the Linking Obesity/Hypertension


1 Department of Nephrology and Department of Bariatric Surgery, Athens, Greece
2 Department of Bariatric Surgery, Doctors’ Hospital, Athens, Greece

Correspondence Address:
Vaia D. Raikou
Department of Nephrology, Doctors’ Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Greece
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.352424

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Obesity is accompanied by several disorders. This study investigated the role of chronic renal disease on the linking obesity/hypertension (HTN). It also considered the importance of visceral obesity on renal disease with or without HTN. One hundred and forty seven subjects on mean age 68.9 ± 14.2 years old with visceral obesity were enclosed and they matched for the age, gender, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), diabetes mellitus, and hypertriglyceridemia to 52 people without visceral obesity as a control group. Visceral obesity was defined by the measurement of waist circumference. Our participants were classified in both eGFR and albuminuria categories according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes 2012 criteria. The HTN ratio was equal to 89.1% in the patients’ group. Ratios of 72.1% and 70.1% of our patients and 67.3% and 23.1% of our control group had a low eGFR and albuminuria respectively. The relationship between central obesity and HTN was found to be nonsignificant, but in our subjects without an advanced renal disease (eGFR >60 mL/min/1.73 m2, n= 58) it was found to be significant (χ2 = 5.4, P = 0.02, likelihood ratio = 5.1). Albuminuria was significantly associated with both visceral obesity and visceral obesity with HTN (χ2 =34.7, P =, respectively) and it was supported by a built adjusted model. Chronic renal disease may influence the linki001 and χ2 = 37.7, P = 0.001ng obesity/HTN in elderly participants with obesity in contrast to the general population with obesity but without renal disease. Visceral obesity was significantly associated with albuminuria independently on HTN.


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