Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

RENAL DATA FROM ASIA-AFRICA
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1289--1293

Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in a Sri Lankan population: Experience of a tertiary care center


Eranga S Wijewickrama1, Dinushi Weerasinghe2, Pubudu S Sumathipala2, Charith Horadagoda1, Rushika D Lanarolle2, Rezvi MH. Sheriff2 
1 University Medical Unit, National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka
2 Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Correspondence Address:
Eranga S Wijewickrama
University Medical Unit, National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo
Sri Lanka

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing problem in Sri Lanka. Diabetes and hypertension are the main contributors to the disease burden. A new form of CKD of uncertain etiology (CKD-u) is the predominant form of CKD in certain parts of Sri Lanka, threatening to reach epidemic proportions. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out over a three-month period at the National Hospital of Sri Lanka to identify the underlying etiologic factors for the disease in a cohort of patients with CKD. A total of 200 patients were studied with a mean age of 50.57 years. Of them, 108 (54%) were in CKD stage V. Majority of the patients were from the western province (137, 68.5%) with only five (2.5%) from provinces with high prevalence of CKD-u. The most common underlying causes of CKD were diabetes (88, 44%) and hypertension (34, 17%). However, in patients younger than 40 years of age the most common cause was glomerulonephritis (20, 42.6%). Diabetes was the most common cause of CKD among patients from the western province (74, 54%). The prevalence of CKD-u was twice as high in patients from areas outside the western province compared with patients from this province (P > 0.05). The low prevalence of CKD-u in the study population could be the result of poor representation of patients from provinces with high prevalence of CKD-u.


How to cite this article:
Wijewickrama ES, Weerasinghe D, Sumathipala PS, Horadagoda C, Lanarolle RD, Sheriff RM. Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in a Sri Lankan population: Experience of a tertiary care center.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2011;22:1289-1293


How to cite this URL:
Wijewickrama ES, Weerasinghe D, Sumathipala PS, Horadagoda C, Lanarolle RD, Sheriff RM. Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in a Sri Lankan population: Experience of a tertiary care center. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2011 [cited 2023 Feb 5 ];22:1289-1293
Available from: https://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=2011;volume=22;issue=6;spage=1289;epage=1293;aulast=Wijewickrama;type=0