Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1470--1474

Simultaneous tubular and glomerular involvement with cryoglobulinemia vasculitis in multiple myeloma


Zafirah Zahir1, Vinita Agrawal1, Asif Sadiq Wani2, Narayan Prasad2 
1 Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Nephrology and Renal Transplantation, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Zafirah Zahir
Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India

Renal manifestations in myeloma are varied. Tubulopathic light chains cause cast nephropathy or proximal tubulopathy, usually associated with tubulointerstitial nephritis. Glomerular involvement includes amyloidosis and monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition diseases. We report a case of multiple myeloma with systemic manifestation of Type-1 cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (skin rash and polyarthritis) and unusual renal manifestation with both tubular and glomerular involvement on renal biopsy along with features of cryoglobulinemic renal vasculitis. Renal biopsy showed light chain cast nephropathy and glomerular involvement. Glomeruli displayed membranoproliferative pattern with monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease and features of cryoglobuminemia. Immunoflourescence showed Kappa restriction in the tubular casts and glomerular deposits. Serum light chain assay and immunoelectrophoresis revealed IgG Kappa light chain restriction. The exact mechanism of the varied renal manifestations of multiple myeloma in different patients is not known.


How to cite this article:
Zahir Z, Agrawal V, Wani AS, Prasad N. Simultaneous tubular and glomerular involvement with cryoglobulinemia vasculitis in multiple myeloma.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2019;30:1470-1474


How to cite this URL:
Zahir Z, Agrawal V, Wani AS, Prasad N. Simultaneous tubular and glomerular involvement with cryoglobulinemia vasculitis in multiple myeloma. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2019 [cited 2022 May 27 ];30:1470-1474
Available from: https://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=2019;volume=30;issue=6;spage=1470;epage=1474;aulast=Zahir;type=0