Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 92--100

Prevalence of Cardiac Abnormalities in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Cross-sectional Study from a Developing Country


Afshan Ehsan1, Madiha Aziz1, Ali Asghar Lanewala1, Aftab Mehmood2, Seema Hashmi1 
1 Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan
2 Department of Cardiology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Afshan Ehsan
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi
Pakistan

Improved therapeutic modalities in chronic kidney diseases (CKD) children and consequent extension of life expectancy, draws more attention towards secondary complications. Cardiovascular adaptations precipitating such terminal events, begin in pre-dialysis CKD. Hence, it’s imperative to identify modifiable risk factors to direct care and resources in haltering CKD progression, evade long-term dialysis and anticipate kidney transplantation to avert cardiac complications in predialysis period. One hundred and six pre-dialysis patients aged one year to 15 years, with estimated glomerular filtration rate of <90 mL/min/1.73 m2 and proteinuria were included. Patient’s history, weight, height and blood pressures (BPs) performed. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) calculated to correct for patient height to determine raised values of >38.6 g/m2.7 and of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) >55 g/m2.7. Shortening fraction and ejection fraction measured to assess systolic function. Diastolic function assessed by Doppler measuring the mitral inflow (e/a) ratio. Hemoglobin, calcium phosphorous product, parathyroid hormone and hypertension measured to assess cardiac risk factor. The total prevalence of cardiac abnormality was found in 66.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 57.6%–75.2%. Raised LVMI was seen in 64%, among which 34.9% had LVH. Diastolic and systolic dysfunction was found in 12.2% and 11.3% respectively. The cardiac abnormality was more prevalent in CKD grade IV and V. The independent risk factors were anemia and abnormal diastolic BP index which increase the risk for LVH by 3-fold and 5-fold respectively. Proportion of cardiac abnormalities were more prevalent in CKD IV and V. Anemia and diastolic hypertension were independent risk factors for LVH.


How to cite this article:
Ehsan A, Aziz M, Lanewala AA, Mehmood A, Hashmi S. Prevalence of Cardiac Abnormalities in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Cross-sectional Study from a Developing Country.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2021;32:92-100


How to cite this URL:
Ehsan A, Aziz M, Lanewala AA, Mehmood A, Hashmi S. Prevalence of Cardiac Abnormalities in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Cross-sectional Study from a Developing Country. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Dec 2 ];32:92-100
Available from: https://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=2021;volume=32;issue=1;spage=92;epage=100;aulast=Ehsan;type=0